Parkinson’s disease is a nervous system disease that affects your capacity to control movement. This disease usually starts slowly and gets worse over time. If you have Parkinson’s disease, you may have muscle stiffness, trouble walking and maintaining your balance, as well as you may shake. As Parkinson’s disease progresses, you may have memory problems, trouble sleeping and talking experience behavioral changes, and have other symptoms.
Several gene mutations have been linked to Parkinson’s disease. Some people believe that some cases of early-onset Parkinson’s disease, starting before age 50 may be inherited. There is a gene mutation in people with Parkinson’s disease who have Lewy bodies. Scientists are studying this protein’s function and its association with genetic mutations that can occur in Parkinson’s disease and Lewy body dementia.
Parkinson’s disease is also associated with several other gene mutations. Mutations in these genes affect nerve cells’ ability to release dopamine and result in cell death. To understand how gene mutations play a role in Parkinson’s disease, scientists are still trying to discover what causes these genes to mutate. About 10% to 15% of people with Parkinson’s disease may have a genetic mutation that makes them more likely to develop the disease. Environmental factors may also play a role.
There’s no certain treatment for Parkinson’s disease, but medications may help you manage problems with tremors, movement, and walking. People with Parkinson’s disease have low brain dopamine concentrations.
Parkinson’s disease treatment may significantly improve your symptoms. The benefits of drugs often diminish with time or become less consistent. Symptoms can still be fairly well controlled with drugs.
You will need to work closely with your doctor if you have Parkinson’s disease to find a treatment plan that gives you the greatest relief from symptoms with the fewest side effects. Changing your lifestyle can also reduce the effects of Parkinson’s disease.